Research: Climbing Up the Quality Ladder Through International Trade: Evidence from the Global Expansion of Chinese Smartphone Brands
Professor Jie Bai (HKS)
The Chinese smartphone industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the current decade. With major players such as Huawei, Xiaomi, and Oppo making large strides in pushing the boundaries of their product both marketwise and technology-wise, the role of international trade has become more important than ever for new technological products to gain traction within emerging markets. Professors Bai and Yingyan Zhao (George Washington University) will focus on researching the effects of trade in the context of technological advancement and how Chinese smartphone companies make market entry decisions in developing countries.
Research: The Impact of the Social Credit System in China
Professor David Y. Yang (FAS-Economics)
A relatively new system, China’s Social Credit System aims to establish a unifying record system that tracks and evaluates the trustworthiness of Chinese citizens and businesses. Professor Yang’s research tackles questions of whether the Social Credit System induces crowd-in vs. crowd-out behaviors, serves as a good signal of inherent characteristics, and generates a dissonance in private vs. public behaviors. Utilizing a sample of 2,000 residents in and around Rongcheng (a pilot city of the Social Credit System), Yang will conduct a series of surveys, econometric analyses, and experimental methods to answer the research questions posed.
Conference: Policy Development Seminar at People’s Bank of China – Program on International Financial Systems
Professor Hal S. Scott (HLS)
The Program on International Financial Systems led by Emeritus Harvard Law School Professor Hal S. Scott will be hosting the third annual policy development seminar in China in May 2020 in partnership with Harvard Law School and Tsinghua University’s People’s Bank of China School of Finance. Attracting over 500 regulators and thousands of participants around the world, the conference aims to strengthen the relationship between senior Chinese regulators and U.S. regulators by providing an opportunity to discuss crucial issues such as improving China’s financial systems, increasing the capacity of Chinese financial market regulators, and the development of China’s capital markets. This year’s conference will feature prominent figures in the field such as Craig Phillips, Steven Mnuchin, and Robert Jackson.
Conference: Workshop on Lessons learned from Chinese National Malaria Elimination Program: From 30 Million to Zero Malaria Cases
Elimination Program: From 30 Million to Zero Malaria Cases
Professor Dyann Wirth (HCSPH)
Spearheaded by Professor Dyann F. Wirth of the Harvard T.H Chan School of Public, a two-day workshop on new scientifc breakthroughs regarding malaria, its prevention, and elimination will be held at the Harvard Center Shanghai in June 2020. This conference will serve as a gateway for scientists, researchers, representatives, and experts in the feld from all over the world to gather, collaborate, and discuss numerous pressing issues in regard to malaria. Some topics that will be discussed include: approaches to improve malaria surveillance, China’s role in technology transfer and human resource capacity building in other parts of the world in an efort to eradicate malaria, expansion of malaria knowledge to local and national levels, and recent breakthroughs in innovations and research regarding malaria.
Summaries of past grant awards are representative of the project at the time of application
Conference: Achieving Good Health at Low Cost: Enhancing Primary Health Care with Big Data Science
Conference: Achieving Good Health at Low Cost: Enhancing Primary Health Care with Big Data Science $50K
China’s population is facing a crisis in which there is a rising financial strain on members of society, especially the poor, in affording to keep up with the current health care system. Furthermore, the state of the Chinese health care system is becoming more and more unsustainable and cannot meet the ever-changing needs of the Chinese population. The Chinese government is in a process of reforming the health care system in light of these concerns and has made building a primary care-based integrated delivery system a top priority in the nation’s health reform agenda in order to better suit the changing health needs of the Chinese population. Professor Yip is organizing a conference in order to allow for various academic researchers of different areas of expertise (big data, primary care based integrated delivery, entrepreneurs, policymakers) to come together to discuss and identify key efforts that must be undertaken in light of health care reform in China. Topics will include applications of big data in improving primary care, examinations of opportunities and constraints present in China’s health care system, and potential allowances for collaboration and implementation in solving these problems.
Conference: Confronting Disasters in an Era of Climate Change
Conference: Confronting Disasters in an Era of Climate Change $40K
With each passing day, climate change becomes more prevalent in how we continue to live our everyday lives. Affecting areas such as disaster preparedness, response, and recovery, climate change is pushing the important topic of crisis studies to the forefront of our everyday discussions. The International Network of Disaster Studies (INDS) is an evolving network of academic researchers from various Asian countries, the United States, and Europe who bring these topics to the table through academic discussions. INDS will organize a conference to talk about the changing climate of our planet and its repercussions. There will be discussions on topics pertinent to our understanding of the consequences of increased meteorological events giving rise to chronic crisis, population migration, and civil conflict. This conference at the Harvard Center Shanghai will be the third in a series with support from various sponsors.
Research: Breathing New Life Into the Earliest Animals
Research: Breathing New Life Into the Earliest Animals: Computed Tomography of Early Cambrian Fossils from South China $50K
The Chengjiang Fossil Site in Yunnan Province, South China has an abundance of well-preserved fossils of ancient, complex organisms which had previously roamed the ocean floor at that very location 500 million years ago. This research project explores the oldest record of soft-bodied marine animals in helping provide a deeper understanding of organisms that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago and to learn more about the origins of our modern biosphere. The Chengjiang fossil site proves to be of particular significance in its preservation of soft-bodied organisms, a very rare occurrence when observing the typical fossil record. The goal of this collaborative effort between Harvard University and Yunnan University is to develop a more complete understanding and picture of the morphology, ecology, and evolutionary significance of the Chengjiang biota through the use of tomography and 3-D organization of soft tissues.
Africa-Asia Partnerships in Health and Healthcare Delivery for Women and Youth
Africa-Asia Partnerships in Health and Healthcare Delivery for Women and Youth $10K
The Harvard Africa-Asia Initiative will hold its second international conference in Johannesburg to discuss the critical health issues confronting women and youth in Africa. By convening scholars and policy makers across multiple disciplines and from all over the world, the conference will establish a common ground for productive conversations about approaches to addressing infectious disease control, the increased non-communicable disease burden, and the strengthening of health systems in Africa, as well as other developing and developed countries. The conference will not only facilitate a deeper understanding of the health situation of women and youth in Africa, but also propose ways to move the agenda forward for safeguarding their development.
Arnold Arboretum: Campaign for the Living Collection
Arnold Arboretum: Campaign for the Living Collections $250K ($50K per year for five years, FY17-21)
The mounting effects of a changing climate threaten roughly one out of every three plant species in the world. As habitats change worldwide, the work of botanical institutions to discover, study, and preserve plants is vital to protecting our precious biodiversity. Over the next five years, the Arnold Arboretum will ambitiously strengthen the living collections through a strategic acceleration of plant exploration and plant production activities; these efforts extend to China, where the Arboretum has recently forged relationships with facilities in Chengdu and Beijing. The Campaign for the Living Collections will help ensure that the Arboretum remains at the leading edge of both integrated research in the plant and environmental sciences as well as in botanical garden collections development.
China Genomes, Environments and Traits (GET) Conference
China Genomes, Environments and Traits (GET) Conference $50K
Professor George Church (HMS) will organize a China Genomes, Environments and Traits (GET) conference at the Harvard Center Shanghai that will not only bring together local and international researchers and experts on genomics for a cutting-edge meeting, but also promote understanding of genomes by the general public. In light of China’s initiative to sequence nearly 2 million genomes for its citizens in the next few years, the CET conference has the critical mission to set examples of open science for the good of society. The 2-day conference will consist of a day of presentations and a one-day workshop.
China Philanthropy Conference: Greater China Models of Giving
China Philanthropy Conference: Greater China Models of Giving $50K
Professor Anthony Saich (HKS) and colleagues will organize a 2-day conference on philanthropy in China. By bringing together researchers and leading philanthropists, the conference aims to not only help build the emerging academic field of philanthropy in China, but also shape philanthropic practices in China that will have a significant impact on the Chinese society at large. In light of the unprecedented accumulation of private wealth in China since the late 1970s and the increasing interest in private philanthropy among wealthy individuals, this conference will provide the critical opportunity for discussing whether western models of giving can be applied to China and the possible alternative frameworks for Chinese philanthropists. One day of the conference will be academic and the second will focus on practitioner issues.
Research: Foreign Powers, Domestic Integration, and Firms: Evidence from Shanghai in the Era of Concessions
Foreign Powers, Domestic Integration, and Firms: Evidence from Shanghai in the Era of Concessions
Professor Laura Alfaro (HBS)
This project aims to investigate the influence of institutions on economic growth with a fresh method of empirical assessment. Instead of comparing countries with different institutions to each other and over time in the traditional manner, the current project will investigate institutions in relation to the growth of firms and industries within the same city, namely Shanghai during the late 19th century and early 20th century. Probing the case of historical Shanghai can help disentangle institutions from other location specific factors that may affect economic growth, and to identify specific aspects of the broad term “institutions” that actually produce an impact on growth.
Research: The Geopolitics of China’s Drive to Decarbonize its Economy
The Geopolitics of China’s Drive to Decarbonize its Economy
Professor Meghan O’Sullivan (HKS)
President Xi Jinping made a historic announcement last October when he announced plans for China’s decarbonization and shifting away from fossil fuels to more sustainable sources of energy. This massive shift in China’s economy given China’s scale will undoubtedly lead to significant global impact in which the Geopolitics of Energy Project hopes to research and understand. This project will aim to understand China’s decarbonization through a geopolitical lens as to how China approaches this massive change in their economic way of life and its ensuing effects on the global economy, politics, and China’s current trade relationships. The project will then move forward to bring in scholars from across the Harvard community to form an interdisciplinary group that will observe China’s decarbonization push from different perspectives.
Harvard-Shanghai Conference on Brain Health
Harvard-Shanghai Conference on Brain Health – A Special Meeting for the Understanding and Intervention of Alzheimer’s Disease $50K
Professors Junying Yuan, Ying Lu (HMS) and colleagues will host a conference on Alzheimer’s disease (AD), convening scientists from Harvard and China in a collaborative effort to develop a better understanding about how to manage AD, as well as encourage cross-disciplinary communications to promote AD awareness and empower AD research in China. Considering AD is a worldwide disease that needs to be addressed, particularly in China where the population is aging dramatically at an unprecedented pace, this conference will provide a key step in the path to generate potential prevention or therapeutics for AD.
Improving Population Health through Oral Health in China Conference
Improving Population Health through Oral Health in China Conference: Strengthening the Oral Health Delivery System and Building Workforce Capacity through Innovative Strategies in Education, Care and Research $50K
Professor Sang Park (HSDM) will host a conference on oral health that will bring together faculty from around Harvard, universities partnered with the Harvard School of Dental Medicine, and leading experts from various fields in China. The conference hopes to produce a white paper that recommends strategies to address the shortage of oral health workers in China and strengthen China’s oral health education and delivery systems. Since oral diseases are increasingly a health burden worldwide and especially in China, this conference will serve the critical mission of promoting much needed educational training and health infrastructure.
Conference: Cyberinfrastructure for Historical China Studies
Cyberinfrastructure for Historical China Studies $45K
The proliferation of databases for the study of Chinese history and the increasing numbers of researchers taking part in their development calls for a cyberinfrastructure which can be conceived of as a network of discipline-specific software applications and data collections. In response to the call, Peter Bol (FAS-EALC) and Donald Sturgeon (FAS- Fairbank Center An Wang Postdoctoral Fellow) will organize a conference at the Harvard Shanghai Center to bring research centers, libraries, and public/private text database creators together with scholars and programmers to explore the first level of a cyberinfrastructure for China studies. There will be discussions on how participants in such a cyberinfrastructure for historical China studies can share their resources and how their communication can be facilitated by various technologies and mechanisms.
2017 Perspectives on Chinese Contemporary Music Conference – Composition, Theory, and Reception
2017 Perspectives on Chinese Contemporary Music Conference – Composition, Theory, and Reception $20K
With his collaborator in China, Christopher Hasty (FAS-Music) will organize the third conference in a series of four conferences dedicated to the understanding and reception of new music from mainland China. Following the first two conferences held at Harvard in August 2015 and August 2016, the third event will be held at the Harvard Center Shanghai during March 17-18, 2017, and will involve prominent Chinese composers and theorists. One goal of this conference will be to lay the groundwork for collaboration among composers, music theorists, historians of art, and aestheticians, with the goal of publishing a collection of essays within two or three years.
The Meritocracy Project Conference: China and India
The Meritocracy Project Conference: China and India $40K
Michael Szonyi (FAS-EALC) and Tarun Khanna (HBS) will jointly organize a conference that sheds light on the relationship between the idea of merit–its conceptualization, measurement, and implementation–and the organization of talent in China and India, as well as how power and influence are allocated in these two countries. Systems of merit in China and India have a long history, and understanding how it impacts contemporary society is a crucial question. Fundamentally, the project aims to understand and perhaps reshape how people in China and India think about talent by evaluating the processes of education, talent identification, and talent promotion in China and India, encouraging new ways of thinking about where to look for talent, and ultimately influencing the public policy debate.
Conference: The Development of Chinese Higher Education Leaders
The Development of Chinese Higher Education Leaders $45K
James Ryan (HGSE) and James Antony (HGSE) will jointly organize a conference at the Harvard Center Shanghai to discuss the leadership development needs for Chinese higher education, and to begin determining how Harvard might design and deliver ongoing executive education programs to meet those needs. While a rapid growth of the Chinese higher education system has been promoted by Chinese officials who view higher education as an important element in advancing the nation’s strategic priorities, Chinese higher education leaders, many of whom have overseen a system that has been particularly successful at advancing programs in science and engineering, are now realizing the need for broader curricular balance. There are numerous other leadership challenges that Chinese higher education institutions confront presently and this conference will convene a focused group of experts, from both China and the U.S., to discuss addressing challenges for China’s higher education leadership.
Enhancing China’s Financial Systems and Regulatory Efficiency: An Exclusive Conference for PRC Government & Regulatory Official
Enhancing China’s Financial Systems and Regulatory Efficiency: An Exclusive Conference for PRC Government & Regulatory Official $30K
Hal Scott (HLS) and the Program on International Financial Systems (PIFS) will jointly organize a conference to establish an education event designed to increase the regulatory capacity of middle to senior Central Government and Provincial government regulatory officials involved in China’s financial markets. Specifically, the conference will address the growing challenges confronting China’s regulatory and policy makers that arise from China’s economic transition and increasing reliance on market-oriented funding for the real economy. Importantly, this conference proposes to analyze not just regulatory and legislative structures, but also regulatory strategy and response with a view to increasing regulatory efficiency.
Conference: Bringing the Ancient DNA Revolution to Chinese Archaeology
Bringing the Ancient DNA Revolution to Chinese Archaeology $40K
David Reich (HMS) and his colleagues will hold an international, interdisciplinary conference on using ancient DNA to integrate evidence from genetics and archaeology to obtain a better understanding of the origin of pre-historic populations in China. The conference will include presentations by Chinese scientists on recent progress in China and unsolved problems, as well as by non-Chinese scientists on the topic of “bringing ancient DNA to China.” This conference will create opportunities to carry out ancient DNA research in China and establish a long-term collaborative relationship between Harvard and Chinese archaeologists and geneticists.
Shanghai Conference on Africa and Asia
Shanghai Conference on Africa and Asia – Africa-Asia Connections: Bridging Past, Present, and Future $20K
The Shanghai Conference on Africa and Asia conducted a critical conversation about the political and economic development of African and Asian countries since the end of World War II. Conference attendees discussed how historical exchanges of ideas, capital, and people between the two continents shaped their contemporary relations. A better understanding of the convergent and divergent historical trajectories of the two continents served as a basis for the attendees to put forward a series of policy recommendations that might facilitate future exchanges among the two continents for their mutual benefit.
Research: Building Digital Caves
Building Digital Caves
Professor Eugene Wang
The first Harvard professor of Asian art, Langdon Warner, removed mural fragments form the walls of the Dunhuang caves and brought them back to Harvard with him. With this problematic history, Harvard intends to play a positive role in the future of the caves. In pursuit of this goal, Professor Eugene Wang has partnered with the Dunhuang Academy to build multimedia-simulated Dunhuang caves at Harvard for exhibition. At the conclusion of the exhibition, the media-projected cave will go on a world tour, before returning to China. The design and exhibition will exemplify ways of putting soul into technology, a serious problem faced by China and the world. The exhibit will also address the challenge of how to harness technology to stage the deep strata of human experience and culture.
Conference: China Brown, Environmental Legacy and Brownfields Regeneration in Contemporary China
China Brown, Environmental Legacy and Brownfields Regeneration in Contemporary China
Professor Niall Kirkwood
Brownfields are visually compelling, but stark and forgotten former industrial landscapes, places of devastation, neglect, but ultimately redeemable, and vital in the national vision in the 21st century. They are also currently quite contentious- politically, ecologically, culturally, economically, and aesthetically and therefore one of the most important issues in shaping China’s current and future cities, communities, and landscape. Professor Niall Kirkwood’s proposal aims to hold two workshops to develop, in collaboration with Tsinghua University, a learning platform for brownfield experts and scholars of different disciplines. It is also intended to support design, planning, and engineering technicians to promote the integration of disciplinary methods to create new knowledge and theory. Results from these workshops will also form part of an ongoing graduate seminar at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design in AY 17-18.
Big Data in Healthcare
Big Data in Healthcare : The Impact on Healthcare Quality, Cost and Access in China
Li Zhou and Ajay Singh (HMS) will co-chair a two-day symposium that focuses on two key issues: healthcare innovation in the era of Big Data and future strategic plans to promote health information technology to benefit populations of both China and the United States. This symposium will bring together researchers, educators, and practitioners from different fields to promote strong connections between academia, industry, government, and the nonprofit sector to facilitate the transformation of data to knowledge, and finally into action.
Advancing Learning and Global Health in the Digital Age
Advancing Learning and Global Health in the Digital Age: Harvard-China Digital Learning and the Future of Professional Education Initiative
David Hunter and Ian Lapp (Chan SPH) will co-chair a conference on the unique challenges and opportunities faced by China in educating the next generation of and providing continuing education in a digital age to health professionals. The aim of the conference is to provide opportunities to learn about state of the art developments in designing digital and blended learning experiences in China and the United States; share promising practices and lessons learned; and develop assessment strategies, measures of quality, and shared research goals for the impact of MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) and digital learning on educating health professionals.
Building Leadership for Healthy Urban Sustainability
Building Leadership for Healthy Urban Sustainability
John Spengler (Chan SPH) and Spiro Pollalis (GSD) will co-host a conference to present, discuss, and disseminate research and knowledge on the scope and possibilities for designing urban environments in China which are healthier, more livable, and more environmentally sustainable. The goal is to create a forum whereby decision-makers in China’s local governments and in the private development community will recognize opportunities to convert opportunistic, business-as-usual approaches to urban expansion into well-designed, spatially integrated development with sustainable urban infrastructure at its core.
The Arnold Arboretum in China
The Arnold Arboretum in China : Photographic Exhibition and Botanical Conference
William (Ned) Friedman (FAS-Organismic and Evolutionary Biology) and his collaborators will organize a botanical symposium featuring a conference and photographic exhibition at the Harvard Center Shanghai in Spring 2015. Building on E. H. Wilson’s pioneering research on China’s endemic flora in collaboration with Chinese plant scientists during the beginning of the 20th century, this conference will examine how plant exploration and international botanical cooperation continue to contribute in meaningful ways to a range of contemporary issues confronting the global community–including declining biodiversity, environmental degradation, habitat loss, and conservation. The Arnold Arboretum conference will be scheduled to coincide with the release of a documentary titled “Chinese Wilson” in December 2015 on China’s CCTV documentary channel 9, which traces E. H. Wilson’s survey of flora native to temperate China and the tremendous changes to China’s landscape over the past century. With the airing of the Wilson documentary as a backdrop, the seminar and exhibition mounted by the Arnold Arboretum at the Harvard Center in Shanghai will offer participants an expanded view of the Arboretum’s historical work in China, with an emphasis on its continued value and importance to plant science and conservation.
Harvard‐China Forum on Arabic and Islamic Studies
Harvard‐China Forum on Arabic and Islamic Studies
Ali Asani (FAS-Indo-Muslim and Islamic Religion and Cultures) and his colleagues will convene distinguished scholars of Islamic and Arabic studies from Harvard and universities across China to discuss how the training of Chinese and Western scholars in this field, through diverse pedagogical methods and distinct social, cultural, and educational settings, have greatly influenced the teaching of Islam in a post-secondary environment in their respective countries. This two-day conference aims to expand the study of Muslim communities beyond the Middle East by calling attention to the marginalized position of Chinese Islamic studies in Western academia and encouraging the study of Chinese expressions of Islam.
The Chinese Legal Profession in the Age of Globalization
The Chinese Legal Profession in the Age of Globalization
David Wilkins (HLS) and his collaborators will organize a two-day conference at the Harvard Center Shanghai in the summer of 2015 as part of a larger research collaborative entitled Globalization, Lawyers, and Emerging Economies (GLEE). A multinational and multidisciplinary team consisting of more than 50 scholars, GLEE’s research explores how globalization is transforming the market for legal services in China, India and Brazil, and how these changes are in turn potentially reshaping institutions, norms, and practices within these emerging powers and in the institutions of global governance more generally. By presenting the results of GLEE’s research, the conference will address the relevance of recent changes in the legal profession in China for the country’s economic, political, social, and cultural development. The conference will be coordinated by the Harvard Law School Center of the Legal Profession with assistance from the Harvard East Asian Legal Studies program, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, KoGuan Law School and the East Asian Legal Studies Center at the University of Wisconsin Law School.
Developing Child Mental Health Capacity in China
Developing Child Mental Health Capacity in China: Innovation and Sustainability
Myron Belfer (HMS) and his collaborators will hold a three-day conference at the Harvard Center Shanghai to showcase developments in school-based mental health in Shanghai and to inform key stakeholders of the potential derived from adopting further innovation in education and mental health service delivery. In recognition of the adverse psychological impact of the current educational system in China and on families in today’s evolving society, children’s mental health has risen in the past two years to a place of prominence in the Chinese government’s regional and central planning. By featuring the efforts and advances in children’s mental health in Shanghai, this conference will consolidate many streams of knowledge and concern, and have a significant impact on policy and program development in China.
“The Next Wave of Chinese Urbanization: Impact on Economic Growth, Urban Governance and the Built Environment within and beyond China” (Conference)
Bing Wang (GSD) will organize a conference at the Harvard Center Shanghai examining and speculating on potential new trajectories for China’s next wave of urbanization, including debates and discussions of the challenges and opportunities for China’s new leadership in urbanization policy, the consequential impact of directional shift on China’s built environment, both urban and rural, and the empirical applicability of urban governance paradigms on China’s sustainability, global competitiveness, and social stability. Participants will include leading practitioners and policy makers involved in China’s urban governance, urban planning and design, investment and policy making.
Development of Civic Consciousness (Conference)
“Proposed Harvard Center Shanghai Symposium: Education and the Development of Civic Consciousness in China”
Robert Selman (HGSE & HMS) and Helen Haste (HGSE) will organize a 1.5 day symposium bringing together about 25 leading researchers from Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and the West, including experts in civic education, cultural studies and socio-cognitive development and experts on China’s civil society, political institutions, and education reforms, to address the question “What educational reforms are needed to prepare China’s younger citizens for principled, democratic, and global citizenship?”.
Private Roles for Public Goals
“Private Roles for Public Goals in China: Contracting, Collaboration, and Delegation for Urban Community Services”
Richard Zeckhauser (HKS) in collaboration with John Donahue (HKS), Yijia Jing (Fudan) and Karen Eggleston (Stanford) will spend a year conducting a new empirical study of community service centers in several Chinese communities (including several districts of Shanghai), as well as preliminary work on Chinese delivery models for public services across a range of policy arenas. They will explore the merits and drawbacks of three modes for tapping private-sector capabilities: contracting, collaborative governance and delegation. The proposed research seeks to understand how growing private participation in social service delivery – and eventually, across a broader range of public purposes – establishes a foundation for collaborative governance in China.
Suicide Surveillance System
“Establishing a suicide attempt surveillance system in Ningxia Province, China”
Matthew Miller (HSPH) will spend two years developing a real-time electronic surveillance system that will identify all suicide attempts treated in the emergency departments of general hospitals in Ningxia (a sparely populated province in northwest China) that can subsequently be used as a platform to initiate additional studies on the causes and prevention of suicide, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control of Ningxia Province and the Suicide Research Center of the Shanghai Mental Health Center.
Improving Public Health
“Improving Public Health Through Strengthening Health Information System in Urban and Rural China: An Evaluation and Demonstration Project”
Together with colleagues from the Minhang District of Shanghai and Wenchuan County of Sichuan Province, Yuanli Liu and Ashih Jha (HSPH) will spend the next year analyzing the implementation and effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT) in urban and rural settings. Using Minhang District as a model, they will determine the impact of HIT adoption on quality of care, especially on the effectiveness of chronic diseases management, and assess which lessons from Minhang can be applied to areas of Western China, such as Wenchuan County.
“Patient-Physician Trust and Mistrust in China: A Qualitative Study”
Arthur Kleinman (FAS/HMS) and Eric Campbell (HMS), together with collaborators Joseph Tucker (Univ. of North Carolina), Nie Jing-Bao (Univ. of Otago, New Zealand), and Wei Zhu (Fudan Univ.), will spend the next three years conducting a study to investigate patient-physician trust in China using a biosocial approach that integrates anthropological, sociological, normative ethical, cross-country comparative and social policy analyses. Their findings will ultimately establish a set of recommendations for health systems interventions, communication strategies, and medical training reform in order to rebuild patient-physician trust throughout China.
Rural Health System Reforms
“Advance Implementation Science for Rural Health System Reforms in China”
Over the next 1.5 years, William Hsiao (HSPH) will conduct a study with faculty and students from the Tongji Medical School of Huazhong University of Science & Technology to analyze and compare current implementations of health system reforms in rural areas of western China. His team will investigate how local governments interpret national policy and how they issue directives to and govern township health centers (THCs).
“Embodied Cosmology: or Cognitive Archeology of Early Chinese Tombs”
Together with colleagues at Sichuan University, the Central Academy of Fine Arts, and the Institute of Han Pictorial Art at Beida, Eugene Wang (FAS-History of Art and Architecture) will spend 2.5 years studying Han cliff tombs to align materiality-driven disciplines (archeology and art history) with concept-driven disciplines (religion, intellectual history) in the study of the technology of the body and cosmic consciousness in ancient China. Ultimately, Professor Wang will develop a new course and produce a manuscript based on his findings.
“Harvard Medical School Medical Mandarin”
Over the next 1.5 years, Qin Shan (HMS-Children’s Hospital) will assist HMS/HSDM/HSPH students in developing basic language skills to communicate effectively with Mandarin-speaking patients. Students will be taught common medical Mandarin terms and expressions and gain a thorough understanding of traditional Chinese medicine and Chinese culture through language study.
“Humanities Education for Non-Humanities Undergraduates”
Jay Harris (FAS-Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations) and Billy So (Hong Kong University of Science & Technology) have been awarded 2 years of funding to organize workshops and a forum to examine and reflect on humanities general education at the two universities and other sample cases, with the goal of engaging in the broader discourse on humanities education for non-humanities majors in a global age.
Low-cost Water Purification Systems
“Low-cost Water Purification Systems for Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water in Rural China”
In collaboration with colleagues at Tianjin University, Peter Girguis (FAS-Organismic & Evolutionary Biology) will spend 1.5 years conducting “open source” research to develop a small-scale system that uses energy derived from biomass to remove arsenic from drinking water at a high rate and low cost.
Landscape and Ecological Urbanism Part 3
“Landscape and Ecological Urbanism: Future Alternatives for Beijing Part 3”
Visiting Professor Kongjian Yu will offer part 3 of his advanced studio course in spring 2012, assisted by visiting Critic Adrian Blackwell and GSD Lecturer Stephen Ervin, and again in conjunction with Peking University. The same over-arching issues will be addressed as in the past two studios: the social, ecological, urbanistic, and other impacts of the expansion of Beijing into its periphery, particularly emphasizing the new ‘foothills strategy’ to prevent further urbanization from spreading into the agricultural plains, and rather encourage development up into the foothills of the surrounding mountains to the west and north. This year’s study area is the Qinglonghu township, Fangshan district, 60 km southwest of Beijing.
Curriculum on Civil Society
“Developing a Curriculum on Civil Society and Nonprofit Organizations in China”
Christopher Stone and Anthony Saich (HKS) will spend 1.5-years building a cross-discipline curriculum about the development of the citizen sector in China, focusing on understanding the uniqueness of China’s nonprofits against the special political, economic, and cultural backgrounds of China. The Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations will provide programmatic and administrative support in recruiting a team of seminar speakers, supporting teaching faculty, organizing field trips and workshops in China, and partnering with foundations, universities and government agencies in China.
Improving Seismic Hazard Assessment
“Improving Seismic Hazard Assessment in China and the United States Based on Lessons Learned from the 2008 Wenchuan (M7.9) Earthquake”
The two-year grant awarded to John Shaw (FAS-Earth and Planetary Sciences) will enable him to develop state-of-the-art community fault and velocity models for the Sichuan area that will serve as the basis for an improved understanding of earthquake hazards in the region. Collaborations with Nanjing University and PetroChina will lead to field work and research in China, student exchanges, joint publications in scientific journals, and a new course at Harvard on the active tectonics of China.
Young People and Civic Engagement in a Changing Society
“Young People and Civic Engagement in a Changing Society”
Robert Selman (HGSE/HMS) and Helen Haste (HGSE) were awarded a two-year grant to explore how Chinese school students conceptualize and experience citizenship and civic and ethical decision-making. The project will involve professors and students from East China Normal University, and broaden our understanding of cultural factors and developmental processes at stake in modern Chinese society.
“Addressing Stigma to Improve Care for Persons with Serious Mental Illness in China”
In collaboration with colleagues from the Shanghai Mental Center and the Peking University Institute for Mental Health, Byron Good (HMS) and Arthur Kleinman (HMS/FAS-Anthropology) will spend two years: 1) piloting an innovative model of family support group intervention; developing a strategic plan for addressing social stigma associated with mental illness in China; and organizing a set of seminars and workshops to advance student research on the topic.
The Economy of China
Course Development – “The Economy of China”
To address growing student interest and a lack of current offerings at Harvard, John Campbell (FAS-Economics) has proposed to create a visiting professorship to cover the teaching gap. Qualified candidates will specialize in Chinese or Asian economic development as their main research focus and will be knowledgeable about the broader political and social context. Ideally, they will also have a command of at least one major East Asian Language.
Landscape and Ecological Urbanism
“Landscape and Ecological Urbanism: Future Alternatives for Beijing”
Distinguished GSD alumnus Kongjian Yu offered an advanced studio course in spring 2010 related to an existing Peking University program he runs in collaboration with the Beijing Land Bureau and the Beijing Planning Bureau. The studio was conducted with the support of Jane Hutton and Steve Ervin from the GSD. Students performed site analysis using social and economic questionnaires, and developed various urban and landscape strategies for the region based on analysis of the landscape and ecosystems, social economic context, and regional and global comparative studies.
Digital Archive for Chinese Local History
“A Digital Archive for Chinese Local History”
The two-year grant awarded to James Robson and Michael Szonyi (FAS-East Asian Languages and Civilizations) will support the infrastructure and lay the foundations for a permanent digital archive of unique historical documents and materials collected in various localities in China. The archive project will yield three significant outcomes: 1) produce significant new research on the religion, culture, and society of Hunan province from the Qing dynasty to the present; 2) produce the world’s leading web-based archive for Chinese local historical materials; and 3) create new networks of scholarly collaboration.
China’s Health System Reforms
“Developing a Wintersession Course on China’s Health System Reforms”
Yuanli Liu (HSPH) was awarded a one-year grant to develop a comprehensive curriculum for a Harvard wintersession course on China’s healthcare system reforms. This course will have three parts: 1) a preparatory seminar series at Harvard; 2) three weeks of field study culminating in a policy seminar with the Chinese Ministry of Health; and 3) a final research paper. A series of teaching cases will also be developed into a textbook for use by HSPH, HMS, KSG, and College professors.
Research & Teaching in China
“From Hunting and Gathering to Early Village Lifeways – Research & Teaching in China”
Ofer Bar-Yosef (FAS-Anthropology) will use his two-year grant to: 1) write a bi-lingual book on the technologies of making Chinese stone tools(including their method of classification and function); 2) teach two Harvard courses in the School of Archaeology and Museuology in Peking University; and 3) conduct joint excavations of an early village site with colleagues from the Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics of Hunan Province, Peking University, and Harvard University.
“Chinese Attitudes toward Inequality and Distributive Injustice: Changes at the Societal and Individual Level”
Martin Whyte (FAS-Sociology) will use his three-year grant to explore the patterns of change over time in Chinese citizen’s attitudes toward inequality and distributive injustice issues. Working with colleagues from Harvard, Yale, Oxford, UC-Irvine, Texas A&M-Kingsville, and Beida, this national survey will build upon the findings of a comparable survey previously conducted in 2004.
Improved Access to Medicines
“Interdisciplinary Research and Training for Improved Access to and Use of Medicines in China”
In order to address China’s challenge of providing affordable access to essential medicines for its 1.3 billion citizens, Anita Wagner (HMS) and her colleagues at Harvard School of Public Health, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, the Beijing Public Health Insurance Committee, the Ministry of Health and WHO China will use a one-year grant to conduct research and training on medicines financing in the urban and rural health systems in China and expand the novel Medicines and Insurance Coverage (MedIC) Initiative to China.
Villages in Development
“Villages in Development”
Margaret Crawford (GSD) was awarded a four-year grant to identify and analyze how a range of different Guangzhou villages in the Pearl River Delta might contribute to and be integrated into local urban and economic development in the region. She will conduct a joint seminar and studio sequence, collaborating with landscape and planning students and faculty at the South China University of Technology.
Childbearing and Childrearing
“A Longitudinal Study of Childbearing and Childrearing in Two Chinese Cities”
The two-year grant awarded to Vanessa Fong (HGSE) and Hirokazu Yoshikawa (HGSE) will allow them to link two longitudinal studies of families in Dalian and Nanjing in order to examine the long-term implications of China’s one-child policy for childbearing and childrearing among young adults who were themselves born under that policy. Their study will be conducted in collaboration with Southeast University and Liaoning Normal University.
National Standards of Care
“The Dragon’s Kidneys—Medical Training and the National Standards of Care in China”
A smaller 1-year grant was awarded to the Harvard Medical School-Brigham and Women’s Hospital team of Dr. Dirk Hentschel and Dr. Joseph Bonventre for joint medical training to address China’s emerging problems of kidney disease, diabetes, and hypertension.
Reconciling Economic Growth
“Reconciling Economic Growth and Air Pollution Control in China: An Integrated Approach”
Michael McElroy and Chris Nielsen, executive director of the Harvard China Project, both of the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, will direct a two-year project in collaboration with Tsinghua to build scholarly capacity—from basic science to economic modeling and public-health studies—to assess China’s policies for controlling air pollution. (Nielsen co-edited Clearing the Air: The Health and Economic Damages of Air Pollution in China, an integrated Harvard-Tsinghua analysis of the health and economic damages of air pollution in China, and the costs and benefits of policies to control it.)
“Crisis Management: Research and Executive Training in Collaboration with Tsinghua University”
Herman B. “Dutch” Leonard, who holds professorial appointments in the Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and Harvard Business School, and HKS colleagues will develop, with Tsinghua University, executive-education programs for emergency preparedness and response to crises during their 18-month project.
Harvard Project on Disability
The Harvard Project on Disability
William Alford (HLS) and colleagues, both here and in China, will spend three years conducting research on disability issues, helping build capacity in Chinese universities, offering advice regarding legal development, and working with pertinent civic organizations for persons with disabilities (who may number some 130 million). This remains, as the proposal puts it, a “much-neglected area” of law and services.